Types of Eagles – When it comes to the food chain, eagles are at the top. It means eagles are a vicious predator. They have fierce talons, broad wings along with flesh cleaver bak.
Types of Eagles
Eagles are known to come from the roots of the Accipitridae family. About 60 types of eagles are there which were originated from the subordinates of the Buteoninae and the Circaetinae.
We have done research over the internet and compiled the information about the eagles revealing their kinds that originated from the various general along with their distinct characteristics.
1. Bateleur Eagle
They are the type of eagles with a black head. Bateleur eagles have red supple skin on their cheeks while their beak is usually black. Their main prey is sand grouse, pigeons along with other smaller animals. Female bateleur lays a single egg which is incubated for about 43 days. This type of eagles is usually silent but is able to produce barks as well as several different calls when needed. It is the Zimbabwe’s national emblem.
2. Bald Eagle
A Bald Eagle represents America. You might have seen this iconic bird symbol in different products as well as logos. It has somewhat brown plumage and a white head plus yellow beak.
It has a maximum lifespan of 20 years and reaches sexual maturity after five years and is ready for reproduction. Female bald eagles are bigger and heavier than the male counterparts.
Their natural habitat includes the lands along the water sources and they typically migrate towards the coastline for acquiring food in the cold seasons. They are capable of flying at a velocity from 35 to 43 mile in an hour. Their preferred prey is fish.
3. Black Chested Buzzard Eagle
These types of eagles are lone rangers and usually hunt solely in nature. The Black Chested Buzzard Eagle has a potent plumage in comparison to other bird predators. It has a black chest and grey feathers.
They prefer to nest in the locations such as trees and around the cliffs. They tend to build new-fangled nests and mate while in the air.
They have very sharp eyesight and can guard their nests and mark their area exceptionally well. They prefer to prey on moderate sized mammals, squamates and the burrowing owls.
4. Golden Eagle
Golden Eagles are dark brownish in colour. They have bits of feathers that are light brown in colour on their heads as well as on wings. They also large brown wings that have grey coloration on its tail.
They are extremely agile and are found all across the world which includes Japan, Korea, North America and North Africa. They build their nests on the cliffs and trees. Female Golden Eagles lay around four eggs and take care. They mark their area well and secure up to more than 100 kilometres.
5. African Fish Eagle
A typical African Fish eagle has its head as well as chest covered with white feathers. They are monogamous birds and females lay around 3 eggs at a time. Eggs are incubated for around 45 days.
Once hatched, the chicks generally stay in their nest until they grow feathers and become capable of hunting the preys by themselves. They mostly feed on ducks, crocodiles and fish.
6. Steller’s Sea Eagle
Steller’s Sea Eagles have head and their backs black in colour. They almost weigh up to 10 kg. They are a natural predator and have a sturdy sharp bill, which they use to tear the meat apart from their prey.
Upon reaching 5 years, these eagles are ready to take part in reproduction. They have a knack of building large nests and their general habitat is the woods. They lay eggs and are hatched within about a month. They usually prey on squids, carrion and the cods.
7. Martial Eagle
This type of eagles is large in size. Martial Eagles can be easily compared with other large ones such as Golden Eagle or Veraux Eagle. They also build their nests large. Typically the females lay a couple of eggs and incubate for 45 days. They have dark head and chest.
The Martial Eagle will mark their area by making a circular flight before diving on the preys which are usually small animals like rabbits, squirrels, hares among others.
8. The White Tailed Eagle
It is fourth in the list of the largest bird predators. The White Tailed Eagle has feathers that seem blended with browner shades. The unique trait of this eagle is its tail which is white in colour.
Also, the white tailed eagle tends to build larger nests. The nest is then used by as many generations to lay eggs and tend their chicks.
Each year, females lay about three eggs that need 38 days for incubation. The chicks are tended by their parents until they are independent to venture.
9. Crested Serpent Eagle
Crested Serpent Eagles have wings that have white patches or spots. They have black nape on their neck and crown and their crest is brownish and is barred with colour white. Also, their legs are free from feathers and bright yellow eyes.
10. Bonnelli’s Eagle
The Bonnelli is a slender type of eagle that has undersized rounded wings along with a lengthy tail. Their wings are white edged, end band black and carpal with grey bits at the joint.
They have eyes colour that is somewhat yellowish orange while legs are lengthy and covered with feathers. They prefer to prey on various kinds of birds which include pigeons, gulls, ducks as well as crows.
11. Crested Hawk Eagle
This type of eagle has brownish wings with patches of 5 shady bars. It mainly preys on rabbits, rodents or fish. The Crested Hawk Eagle is large in size and has various colour morph as well as several subspecies which occur mainly in forest areas of the Southern or Southeast Asia.
The snake-eagles are medium sized eagles that have a knack of hunting. They usually prey on snakes or other tiny reptiles. They are also known as Old World eagles and their main habitat is the tropical locations in Asia or African continent.
Spotted Eagles are found in India. These eagles are among the largest predatory birds in India. Their main habitat is the Indian sub-continent.
They survive and breed in parts of the Madhya Pradesh, Nilgiris district and the Orissa. Spotted Eagles are divided into three renowned species which are – Greater spotted, Lesser spotted and the Indian spotted an eagle.
This type of eagles belongs to Accipitridae family. The Steppe Eagle is a big predator bird and tends to breed in vast dry habitats which include desert, steppes or semi-desert. This species eagle is bigger and shadier in comparison to the Tawny eagles.
Black Eagles are usually large and are considered to be one of the largest predator birds. They prefer to prey on mammals including birds. They especially hunt birds in their nests.
The habitat of Black Eagle is mainly the forests that have fine forest cover which is found amongst Himalayan foothills in dense forests of Eastern or Western Ghats within peninsular India.
Besides popularly called Hieraaetus, Booted eagles are found throughout the entire Asia continent. This type of eagles along with little eagle is known to be among the closest existing relatives of Hasst’s eagle which is already extinct.
The Philippine Eagle
Philippine eagles are considered as a critically endangered bird. It is the largest existing Eagle throughout the world. They have an impressive wingspan that can reach up to seven feet.
They have a maximum life span of around 60 years. They have underbellies that are a blended colour of brown and cream.
They have an unsettled crest with their head area and neck covered with long feathers. Each year, female Philippine eagles lay one egg.
They are also popularly known as the monkey-eater eagle which suggests that their main preys are monkeys, flying lemurs, snakes, and rats among many others.
The Philippines are their native home and once were found all across the larger islands of the country. At present, there are only about 250 Philippine eagles which place them in a critical situation.
The Harpy Eagles were once used to be found throughout the whole world. However, most of their habitat is lost which is the rainforests.
They are one of the largest eagles and are powerful. They are a sight to behold when on a hunting spree. They are also critically endangered with lots of them disappearing within few years.
Wedge Tailed Eagle
The Wedge Tailed Eagle is very popular on the Australian continent. It has got a lengthy wingspan which is fully covered with feathers along with an exclusive wedge tail which suggests the name itself. Wedge Tailed Eagles are considered among the most notable predator bird species in Australian continent.
The Crowned eagles are very popular on the African continent in terms of their sheer ability to hunt and their habitat preferences. They are large in size and prefer to venture for foods in desert-like locations.
Crowned eagles entirely live up to the expectation of Stephanoaetus in contrast to other eagles that are a cross of sub-genres and the above types which were mentioned above.
Eastern Imperial Eagle
The Eastern Imperial Eagles are migrating birds that make a flight from Spain towards the central Asia and can stop in-between wherever they find the location suitable.
They are also called by different names but all of it comes down to Eastern Imperial Eagle. Once they were referred differently across the different locations but now the Eastern Imperial Eagle is used for a common broad name.
The Sea Eagles like their name suggests are closely related with the fish eagles. They tend to live and breed near the water sources so their preferred preys are largely made up of fish.
Sea eagles are a family and have many species under them and are also found throughout the world except for some locations such as South American continent and the Antarctica. The most famous species of sea eagles is Bald Eagle which is popular in America.
Alphabetical Listing Types of Eagles Sorted by Common Name
* – Thought about threatened or vulnerable because of population reductions and expanding survival threats
** – Detailed as endangered and in important risk of termination if preservation is not carried out (Categories by BirdLife International).
African Fish-Eagle (Haliaeetus vocifer).
African Hawk-Eagle (Hieraaetus spilogaster).
* Andaman Serpent-Eagle (Spilornis elgini).
Ayres’s Hawk-Eagle (Hieraaetus ayresii).
Hairless Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus).
Grouped Snake-Eagle (Circaetus cinerascens).
Bateleur (Terathopius ecaudatus).
* Beaudouin’s Snake-Eagle (Circaetus beaudouini).
Black Eagle (Ictinaetus malayensis).
Black Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus tyrannus).
* Black-and-Chestnut Eagle (Spizaetus isidori).
Black-and-White Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus melanoleucus).
Black-Chested Buzzard-Eagle (Geranoaetus melanoleucus).
Black-Chested Snake-Eagle (Circaetus pectoralis).
Blyth’s Hawk-Eagle (Nisaetus alboniger).
Bonelli’s Eagle (Aquila fasciatus).
Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus).
Brown Snake-Eagle (Circaetus cinereus).
Cassin’s Hawk-Eagle (Aquila africanus).
Unpredictable Hawk-Eagle (Nisaetus cirrhatus).
Congo Serpent-Eagle (Dryotriorchis spectabilis).
* Crested Eagle (Morphnus guianensis).
Crested Serpent-Eagle (Spilornis cheela).
** Crowned Eagle (Harpyhaliaetus coronatus).
* Crowned Hawk-Eagle (Stephanoaetus coronatus).
* Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca).
** Flores Hawk-Eagle (Nisaetus floris).
Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos).
* Greater Detected Eagle (Aquila clanga).
* Grey-headed Fish-Eagle (Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus).
* Gurney’s Eagle (Aquila gurneyi).
* Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyja).
* Indian Found Eagle (Aquila hastata).
** Javan Hawk-Eagle (Nisaetus bartelsi).
* Lesser Fish-Eagle (Ichthyophaga humilis).
Lesser Found Eagle (Aquila pomarina).
Little Eagle (Hieraaetus morphnoides).
Long-Crested Eagle (Lophaetus occipitalis).
** Madagascar Fish-Eagle (Haliaeetus vociferoides).
** Madagascar Serpent-Eagle (Eutriorchis astur).
* Martial Eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus).
Hill Hawk-Eagle (Nisaetus nipalensis).
* Mountain Serpent-Eagle (Spilornis kinabaluensis).
* New Guinea Eagle (Harpyopsis novaeguineae).
New Guinea Hawk-Eagle (Hieraaetus weiskei).
* Ornate Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus ornatus).
* Pallas’s Fish-Eagle (Haliaeetus leucoryphus).
** Philippine Eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi).
* Philippine Hawk-Eagle (Nisaetus philippensis).
Philippine Serpent-Eagle (Spilornis holospilus).
Rufous-Bellied Eagle (Lophotriorchis kienerii).
* Sanford’s Sea-Eagle (Haliaeetus sanfordi).
Short-Toed Snake-Eagle (Circaetus gallicus).
* Singular Eagle (Harpyhaliaetus solitarius).
* South Nicobar Serpent-Eagle (Spilornis klossi).
* Southern Banded Snake-Eagle (Circaetus fasciolatus).
* Spanish Imperial Eagle (Aquila adalberti).
* Steller’s Sea-Eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus).
Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis).
Sulawesi Hawk-Eagle (Nisaetus lanceolatus).
Sulawesi Serpent-Eagle (Spilornis rufipectus).
Tawny Eagle (Aquila rapax).
Verreaux’s Eagle (Aquila verreauxii).
Wahlberg’s Eagle (Aquila wahlbergi).
* Wallace’s Hawk-Eagle (Nisaetus nanus).
Wedge-Tailed Eagle (Aquila audax).
White-Bellied Sea-Eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster).
White-Tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla).